CP Biology Key Vocabluary List

Unit On Midterm Exam On Final Exam

Unit Vocabulary for: Cell cycle

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How does cell reproduction perpetuate life?

  1. In multicellular organisms individual cells grow and then divide via a process called mitosis
  2. The cell cycle is an ordered set of events, resulting in cell growth and division into two daughter cells.
  3. Organisms begin as a single cell (fertilized egg) that divides successively to produce many cells

How does meiosis contribute to the genetic variability of organisms?

  1. Meiosis is a special type of cell division necessary for sexual reproduction in eukaryotes that provides a source of genetic variation.
  2. The number of chromosomes pairs in the cell is reduced to half the original number, typically from two sets (diploid) to one set (haploid).
  3. In humans the cells produced by meiosis are the gametes (egg and sperm cells).
  4. Meiosis and fertilization maintain the chromosome number through generations
OrderUnitWordOn MidtermOn Final
8 Cell cycle Anaphase Yes No
8 Cell cycle Cancer Yes No
8 Cell cycle Gamete Yes No
8 Cell cycle Homologous Pairs Yes No
8 Cell cycle Interphase Yes No
8 Cell cycle Meiosis Yes No
8 Cell cycle Metaphase Yes No
8 Cell cycle Mitosis Yes No
8 Cell cycle Prophase Yes No
8 Cell cycle Telophase Yes No

CP Biology Midterm Review Packet
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